Wednesday, 22 May 2013

Social impacts of ICT

What are the social impacts of the  use of ICT?


Communication has changed as people are now more likely to use social networking sites, such as Facebook or Twitter, rather than calling someone up or going to see them face to face. This means people are getting less social contact as they aren’t meeting people anymore; they are typing messages to them over the internet. This also means that people aren’t leaving the house as they would rather stay indoors, which means people will become lazy and unhealthy if they do not receive their exercise they need. Finally, people may become anti-social due to less contact with people on a daily basis. This could cause lifelong problems is they don’t get enough social contact with people. Some people may get addicted to communication through social network sites, and stop all contact with the rest of the world unless it is via the internet. This can be dangerous and cause harm to the person. Although some people would benefit from social networking sites. Autistic people would find it extremely difficult to talk to people face to face, but over, for example Facebook or Twitter, it allows them to talk to people.
Secondly, communication has changed due to mobile phones being used to keep in touch with everyone. Now, people usually text people from their mobiles rather than meeting the person up, this can mean people get less social contact as they use their phone rather than having to meet with the person face to face. This also means that the person could become unhealthy (overweight) because they are using their mobile and not getting the exercise they need. People also use mobile phones to ring people instead of meeting with them, which can also cause people to become overweight and unhealthy. Because phones are now able to access the internet, this means social networks are now available on them too. Due to this, there is no need to meet with people to tell them what you have been doing, or to show them pictures you may have taken as you could post them over social networking sites, or use the messaging to send the pictures to your friends. This can also cause people to become more unsociable because they don’t meet with people anymore to tell them news, it is all done over the internet or messaging and phone calls. Also, despite the negative effects on people’s health and social contact, mobile phones creates jobs as people must be employed to either make the phones/ put them together or to ensure the machines are working correctly. Therefore, the big demand for mobiles mean more jobs are created, which has a positive effect on the country’s redundancy.

Finally, E-mails are used rather than writing letters to people. This means people don’t use old methods of keeping in touch. If people aren’t sending letters and using the mail services, postman jobs will suffer and could result in great unemployment. This would be a big negative effect as there is a lot of redundancy already. However, writing emails is more environmentally friendly as it doesn’t use paper, unlike letters, which therefore saves trees. But because of letters not being as commonly used, peoples jobs are at risk, such as the lumberjacks who cut the trees down and the people who work for the transportation of the trees to where they are to be made into paper.


ICT could cause an increase in jobs in places where the demand for ICT products increase. Also, as mobile phones gadgets seem to be becoming more and more advanced, people will always have to be thinking up different ideas and new ideas to make their product better than the rest and to stand out from the others on the market. Also, as ICT expands, there is more for people to learn about, so there will be more ICT jobs for teachers in schools, colleges and university. Finally, ICT can create jobs as if there are a lot of ICT products on the market, the shop owners and employees of the shop will have jobs.

However, ICT could have a decrease in jobs, for example, the postman if letters are not sent anymore. This would also mean that jobs in places such as the post sorting stations, would decrease if not as many letters are sent. Also, in supermarkets, there are self-service checkouts, this means that the supermarket owners will not employ as many people to work on the checkout, especially on a morning where before the self-service checkouts were installed, 4-5 people would have to be employed, but now only about 1-2 people are employed as people are able to pay for their shopping with little input needed from the shop owners and workers.

The effect of ICT on our lives:

ICT has had both positive and negative effects on our lives. ICT creates jobs for people, such as people to repair computers, people to design webpages etc. However, ICT can also take peoples jobs away, because the more traditional ways of communication are not used as much anymore, this causes people to become redundant, i.e. not as many postmen will be needed.

ICT has mostly negative effects on our social lives, as it means people have less contact, and don’t learn the skills they need to work with other people. However, for some people, ICT has a massively positive effect on some people’s lives, for example, if you have autism, you will find it easier to communicate with people if it isn’t face-to-face, so ICT could be the only way you are able to talk to others.

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